Dr. Arnošt Štanzel

Contact

Bayerische Staatsbibliothek
Ludwigstraße 16
D-80539 München
Tel.: +49 (0)89 / 28638 - 2832
Email

Research Project

An Environmental History of Water Management in Romania and Czechoslovakia during State Socialism (1945-1989). A Comparison. [completed]

One central aspect of state socialist regimes was the attempt to build up a new social order. Infrastructural projects in peripheral regions played an important part in this process. Quite often, infrastructures have a deep impact on nature and the environment. Departing from this observation and by noticing that the role of the environment in the ideology of state socialism in Czechoslovakia and Romania is researched very little up to day, the project wants to shed light upon the environmental history in both countries by investigating water management. For this, several case studies on the construction of dams in the Slovakian and Romanian Carpathians, on the construction of the huge dams on the Danube and on the resulting water pollution from ongoing industrialization processes will be researched. By this I want to illustrate the relationship between the communist regimes and nature in both countries between 1945 till 1989.

Two main questions are being examined:

  1. How can the interaction between the communist rulers and elites on one side and nature and environment on the other side be described? Which effects had state policies on environment and nature, how were politics and policies influenced by environment and nature?
  2. Were there peculiarities in dealing with nature and environment, how did similarities look like? For this question, a threefold comparison is being mad: Between Romania and Czechoslovakia: How did the different state socialist countries interact with similar natural preconditions (the Carpathians, the Danube)? Second with the Soviet Union: How important and influential was the communist? And third, with western, capitalist states: In which way did the interaction with nature and environment differ on the other side of the iron curtain?

Curriculum Vitae

Arnošt Štanzel, born 1984 in Erlenbach/Main. 2003-2009 study of Political Sciences, History and Economics in Freiburg und Basel. 2009 Magister Artium at the Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg with a thesis on energy security in Germany. 2010-2012 position as a researcher at the Collegium Carolinum, Munich and as scientific secretary of the German-Czech and German-Slovak Historical Commission. December 2012 to June 2016 doctoral candidate at the Graduate School for East and Southeast-European Studies. Currently Research Associate at the Bavarian State Library in Munich.

Publications

Monographs

Wasserträume und Wasserräume im Staatssozialismus. Ein umwelthistorischer Vergleich anhand der tschechoslowakischen und rumänischen Wasserwirtschaft 1948–1989, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2017 ( = Schnittstellen. Studien zum östlichen und südöstlichen Europa; Bd. 8).

Journal Articles and Book Chapters

Zusammen mit Doubravka Olšáková: Kafkaesque Paradigms: The Stalinist Plan for the Transformation of Nature in Czechoslovakia. In: Doubravka Olšáková (Hg.): In the Name of the Great Work. Stalin's Plan for the Transformation of Nature and its Impact in Eastern Europe. New York / Oxford 2016, S. 43-125.

Dams - Development Or Delusion? In: Digital Development Debates 14 (2015), URL: <http://www.digital-development-debates.org/issue-14-movement--moving-people--dams-development-or-delusion.html>

Der Orava-Stausee in der Slowakei. Der Einfluss sich wandelnder Umweltvorstellungen auf die Raumproduktion. In: Bohemia. Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Kultur der böhmischen Länder 54 (2014) H. 1, S. 88-118.

Už jsme vším – taky ochránci přírody. Vodní hospodářství na Slovensku a ochrana přírody od padesátých do sedmdesátých let v Československu. In: Marginalia Historica. Časopis pro dějiny vzdělanosti a kultury, (2013) H. 1, S. 241-247.

Staudammbauten in den slowakischen Karpaten 1948-1975. Mit Wasserkraft zum neuen Menschen? In: Förster, Horst/Herzberg, Julia/Zückert, Martin: Umweltgeschichte(n). Ostmitteleuropa von der Industrialisierung bis zum Postsozialismus. München 2013, 51-65.

Socialist hydraulic engineering structures in the Slovakian Carpathians – A new Society through the Rule over Nature? In: Armiero, Marco/Graf von Hardenberg, Wilko/Nicolescu, Valentin Quintus (Eds.): STATE OF NATURE. 2nd International Workshop of the Nature and Nation Network Bucharest, 2-4 December 2011. Bucharest 2012.

Wissenschaft und Technik in den böhmischen Ländern in den sechziger Jahren. In: Bohemia. Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Kultur der böhmischen Länder 51 (2011) H. 1, S. 240-245.

Further Publications

Tagungsbericht Ordnung und Sicherheit, Devianz und Kriminalität im Staatssozialismus. Die Tschechoslowakei und die DDR 1948/49-1989. 03.11.2011-06.11.2011, Bad Wiessee, in: H-Soz-u-Kult, 24.01.2012, <http://hsozkult.geschichte.hu-berlin.de/tagungsberichte/id=4015>.

Tagungsbericht 15. Bohemisten-Treffen. 04.03.2011, München, in: H-Soz-u-Kult, 15.04.2011, <http://hsozkult.geschichte.hu-berlin.de/tagungsberichte/id=3618>.

15. Bohemistentreffen. In: Bohemia. Zeitschrift für Geschichte und Kultur der böhmischen Länder 51 (2011) H. 1, S. 252-256.

Reviews

Huff, Tobias: Natur und Industrie im Sozialismus. Eine Umweltgeschichte der DDR. Göttingen 2015, in: H-Soz-Kult, 15.09.2015, <http://www.hsozkult.de/publicationreview/id/rezbuecher-24433>.

Möllers, Nina; Schwägerl, Christian; Trischler, Helmuth (Hrsg.): Willkommen im Anthropozän. Unsere Verantwortung für die Zukunft der Erde. München 2015, 05.12.2014 – 31.01.2016 München, in: H-Soz-Kult, 14.02.2015, <http://www.hsozkult.de/exhibitionreview/id/rezausstellungen-216>.

 

Arnošt Štanzel